The essence of the mind is emptiness; the nature of the mind is actually the integration of emptiness, clarity, and awareness. The name that is given to the actual nature of mind is “yeshe” or wisdom, something that all beings possess. However, sentient beings do not recognize the actual nature of their mind to be what it is. This lack of recognition is like throwing mud or sand into pure water; it becomes sullied or defiled. When the lack of recognition is present, one no longer speaks of “yeshe” or wisdom, one speaks of “namshe” or consciousness. But the distinction between these two states of mind is nothing other than the presence or lack of recognition by the mind of the mind’s own nature.